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All about Display Calibration | How to Calibrate Monitor?

If there’s one thing you can count on when it comes to photographs on the internet, it’s that no one else is seeing the same image as you are. In general, most displays are overly bright, and they come in whatever color the monitor comes with by default. Some are fantastic, while others are less so. These colors can vary as the display grows older and you need to know how to calibrate monitor colors for achieving high-end results.

There’s also the issue of corresponding prints to consider. If you’ve ever printed and been disappointed with the results, your editing screen may be deceiving you. There is a technique to get your screen up to an established standard, which means you can be confident with your screen having representational color and brightness to step ahead towards better prints. It is the calibration of a display or monitor.

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How to Calibrate Monitor Color?

You can calibrate monitors by two methods;

  • Visual Calibration 
  • Hardware Calibration

Let’s learn about these two calibration color monitor methods.

Visual vs. Hardware Calibration

Whenever it comes to color calibration, there are several free and paid programs available that will allow you to calibrate your display using software-only visual comparisons or a hardware colorimeter. One of the free utilities may be included with your operating system and is often accessible for Windows and Mac. For instance, Microsoft’s “Display Color Calibration” feature is included in all modern Windows operating systems, including Windows 10. It enables you to modify your display’s gamma, brightness, contrast, and even color adjustment.

The screen’s colors must be examined and compared to actual colors to correctly profile a monitor, which can only be done with a hardware colorimeter like the X-Rite i1 Display Pro. A colorimeter analyses the colors that come out of a display and uses software to make the appropriate changes to color, gamma, brightness, and contrast.

How to Calibrate Monitor Windows 10?

Do you have Windows 10 installed on your computer? Then you may calibrate the colors of your monitor on your Windows PC by following the steps below.

Step 01

Search for “Color Calibration Setting” from the windows search bar. 

You can find the Color Calibration program in the Display section of the Control Panel, which is categorized under Appearance and Personalization in older versions of Windows.

how to calibrate monitor for windows 10

Step 02

Choose your display’s gamma, contrast, brightness, and color balance settings in the calibration tool by following the on-screen directions.

Many of the options will be accompanied by an example image for you to match. Make adjustments to as closely match the sample as feasible.

calibrate monitor gama
calibrate monitor contrast
calibrate monitor brightness
calibrate monitor contrast

Step 03

Select Current Calibration or return to the Previous Calibration if you’re not happy with the results when the calibration procedure is finished. The new calibration will be saved as an.ics file or color calibration file and will appear in the Color Management settings app as a new International Color Consortium (ICC) Profile.

calibrate monitor view

Step 04

The quickest approach to open this app is to search for “colour management” and select the first result. You may choose your monitor from the device list and see which ICC Profiles are available once it’s opened.

color management
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How to Calibrate Monitor for MacOS?

The steps to calibrate in MacOS are as follows:

Step 01

In MacOS, the Display Calibrator Assistant may be found in the Color section of the System Preferences, under the Displays tab. If you’re having difficulties finding it, use Spotlight to search your computer’s various directories and files for calibration. In the System Preferences panel, the results should show an option to open the tool.

how to calibrate monitor macos

Step 02

Once you’ve discovered and opened the software program, your Mac’s step-by-step instructions will lead you through the calibration procedure. To pick, follow the on-screen instructions:

White Point-To avoid odd tint issues, the white point should normally be a regular D50 or D65 point.

Color Adjustments-White point is a given, but Apple will try to recognize your display at this point and offer a variety of extra color calibrations. Alternatively, it may completely disregard the rest of the adjustment options. Currently, native Apple screens are more likely to have fewer color calibrations because Apple already calibrated them.

Administrator Privileges-Only relevant if you’re concerned about people altering your color profile.

Name– Give the profile a unique name to remember it in the future.

Step 03

Your display will get a new color profile. If you were unable to make the changes you want, pick this new profile and click Open Profile. It will bring up a new window with all the color tags.

Step 04

You can click on each tag to learn more about it. Some tags will merely provide basic color data, while others can change specific display color parameters.

Step 05

If you have a native display, start looking for the Apple display native information tag. As you can see, this process may rapidly become technical, so you’ll need to be familiar with your color data (phosphor levels, response curves, and so on) to make appropriate modifications.

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What Type of Monitor Do You Own?

Without question, the monitor you choose is critical for correct color depiction. Suppose you bought a monitor for less than $300-400. In that case, it most probably has a “TN” or “Twisted Nematic” screen, which can’t show colors correctly owing to restricted color gamut and smearing and may not have a proper viewing angle. That’s because these displays were never intended for color-critical work in the first place — they’re consumer-grade monitors intended for simple browsing, gaming, and other purposes. Since inexpensive monitors may vary their colors and brightness levels from time to time, making color calibration less reliable and efficient over time, it’s critical to have a reputable screen for display calibration.

Hardware Calibration– Colorimeters

Following are the most popular hardware calibration colorimeters on the market these days:

  1. X-Rite i1 Display Pro
  2. Datacolor SpyderX Pro
  3. Pantone ColorMunki


So, which version of the image is “accurate” in terms of color, contrast, and sharpness? What about the prints? Will your prints appear to have been edited? Are they going to be too dark? Light? Or maybe yellow? That is where display calibration comes to the rescue and helps you understand the finest hues pertaining to the real tonicity of your screen.

This article has shown, calibrating monitor is crucial, especially if you are passionate about your photography, videography, design, etc.

Hope it helps.

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